approximate elevation, except where a definitive one is possible such as at a lake or on a peak, is presented. This, of course, verifies the elevational zone and provides a reference to compare the state of growth at different elevations. Occasionally plants were found where they were not supposed to be so specific locations may be useful in defining their range. The location description may contain a notation (photo) which is a link to a photo of interest relative to that location, area of the Park, perspective of the mountain, or even a hairy creature or two. It is hoped that these photos bring the hiking experience into context with the flower experience.

Trails of Mount Rainier National Park:

According to the park service web site (see references) there are 246 miles of maintained hiking trails in Mount Rainier National Park. These are the primary trails shown on the visitor map provided on entering the Park and the trails shown in green on both the Greens Trails maps and the Stanley map. Most of these trails would be covered by the hikes included in the 50 Hikes in Mount Rainier National Park (see references), including the wonderland trail (WLT). In addition there are many "trails" that are not considered maintained or shown on these maps but are nevertheless heavily used. These trails are generally referred to as "boot paths". There are many miles of boot paths that are used extensively and probably do receive some degree of maintenance. For example, the route to Outer Burroughs is not shown as a maintained trail, thus is a boot path.

Trail Proximity:

The trail notes reference the proximity of the featured flower and the trail that it was accessed from. If it states that the proximity is 'on trail' then that means that the photograph was taken by either standing, kneeing, or laying on the maintained trail. 'Edge trail' would mean that it was taken just off the trail and 'off trail' would mean that it was taken after meandering a distance from the trail's edge. The same would be the case with boot paths. 'Scramble' means essentially cross-country away from any defined route. With very few exceptions the flowers presented here can be viewed from a maintained trail and there is little need to go off trail to observe or photograph Rainier's flowers. When doing so careful judgment must be exercised for much of the Park is a fragile environment. Even in the forest zone, where meandering may do the least damage, wet areas can be easily affected; and don't forget about the orchids, several endangered species reside there.

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